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УДК: 311:631.1 HAC 08.00.12 DOI:10.33920/sel-11-2107-06

Analysis of agricultural development in Russia during the pandemic*

Kagirova M. V. Cand. econom. Sci., Associate Professor, Department of Statistics and Cybernetics of Russian State Agrarian University — Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, 127550, Moscow, Timiryazevskaya st., 49, Е-mail: Kagirovamary@gmail.com, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7735-2328
Panin A. V. Candidate of Technical Sciences, Doctor of Economics. sciences, acting Director of the Institute of Mechanics and Power Engineering named after V.P. Gryachkina of Russian State Agrarian University — Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, 127550, Moscow, Timiryazevskaya st., 49, Е-mail: apanin@rgau-msha.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5431-7159
Butyrin V. V. Doctor of Economic Sciences., Professor of the Department of World Economy and Marketing of Russian State Agrarian University — Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, 127550, Moscow, Timiryazevskaya st., 49, Е-mail: v.butyrin@rgau-msha.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6193-7102
Dzhikiya K.A. candidate of agricultural Sciences, associate Professor of the Department of Organizations and entrepreneurship, Russian state agrarian University, 127550, Moscow, Timiryazevskaya St., 49, E-mail: dka1955@mail.ru
Ключевые слова: agriculture, pandemic, sustainability, crisis, development

The article examines the results of agricultural production under economic and social constraints during the COVID-19 pandemic. The main study purpose is to determine the factors that form the sustainability of the agricultural sector in times of crisis in the economy to stimulate their development and strengthening, as well as identifying the negative features of the agricultural sectors, reducing the growth rate of production and development of this type of activity. Based on time series, the peculiarities of the impact of crises in the economy as a whole on the production of agricultural products, the rates of changes in indicators of the conditions and results of crop and livestock production have been identified. The use of the method of groupings made it possible to establish differences in the response of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to the pandemic crisis and to determine the location of production on a large territory with different climatic conditions as one of the favourable factors in the formation of sustainability of the agricultural sector. Dependence of agricultural sectors on imported resources (seed and planting material, herbicides, chemicals, etc.), as well as the low level of application of digital technologies in the production and sale of products, are noted as unfavourable, constraining factors.

Литература:

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2. Ganenko I. Agro-industrial complex under the influence. Stress factors of 2020 can negatively affect not only farmers, but also the business of suppliers of capital goods // Agroinvestor, May 2020 [Electronic resource]. — URL: https://www.agroinvestor.ru/analytics/article/33642-apk-pod-vliyaniem-stress-faktory-2020-godamogut-otritsatelno-skazatsya-ne-tolko-na-agrariyakh-no-i/ (accessed 2.04.2021).

3. Kryuchkova E. Agriculture takes growth upon itself. The pandemic bypassed the farmers // “Kommersant” newspaper No. 159 dated 09/03/2020. — p. 2 [Electronic resource]. — URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/4476171 (accessed 5.04.2021).

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The conditions of producers' activity, formed during the COVID-19 pandemic, unparalleled in recent history, dictate the interest of Russian and foreign researchers in the study of economic development in general and by individual activities, including the formation of resources, the results, and efficiency of production, the intensity of the use of digital technologies. The 2020 restrictions have had uneven effects on producers in different industries. Thus, with a decrease in the physical volume of production in the mining industry, services, wholesale and retail trade, the type of economic activity "agriculture, forestry, hunting, fish farming and fishing" shows a slight increase. Many Russian researchers [1, 2, 5] note the presence of factors of multidirectional impact on the agricultural sector of Russia during the pandemic, calling as a limitation of development the depreciation of the domestic currency, rising food prices, lack of supplies of imported spare parts for machinery during the sowing season, feed and supplements, chemicals for poultry and crop production, deteriorating conditions of financing. The pandemic has catalyzed the digitalization of businesses, but the issue is still challenging for rural producers. The study of the peculiarities of agricultural industries, which helped to maintain the volume of production in difficult conditions, provides the necessary information to ensure the directions of strengthening the position of the type of activity in the formation of gross domestic product and solving macroeconomic problems [4, 6]: digitalization of the economy, sustainable development of rural areas, food security of the country.

Study purpose: to establish the peculiarities of the Russian agricultural sector during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Study tasks:

1) to determine the change in the main indicators of the conditions and results of agricultural production in 2020 compared to 2019;

2) to establish regional differences in the performance of the agricultural sector in 2020.

Для Цитирования:
Kagirova M. V., Panin A. V., Butyrin V. V., Dzhikiya K.A., Analysis of agricultural development in Russia during the pandemic*. Бухучет в сельском хозяйстве. 2021;7.
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